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Epistaxis

Epistaxis

Epistaxis is a common presentation, especially amongst the young and elderly population. Knowing the basic management, red flags, and when

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Endocrinology

Thyroid Disease

As a junior, you will frequently see patients who potentially have thyroid dysfunction. The problem is these patients often present

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Gynaecology

Vaginal Bleeding

One of the most common obstetric/gynaecological presentations in a hospital/GP setting is vaginal bleeding. When women present with per vaginal

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Surgery

Groin Lumps

The groin, also known as the inguinal region, extends from the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) anterolaterally, the thigh inferiorly and the pubic tubercle medially. It is an anatomical region vulnerable to surgical pathology due to a weakening of the abdominal wall occurring during embryology.

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Illness

Sore Throat

One of the most common A&E presentations is a sore throat, and while sore throat seems like a pretty straightforward

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Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is a condition characterised by the inflammation of the pancreas. These patients are usually managed conservatively. Your aim is

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AXR

Bowel Obstruction

Bowel obstruction is a common reason for admission or complication of patients under the surgical team, but doctors don’t frequently

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Diabetic Foot Ulcer

Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Introduction: Diabetic foot ulcerations are a significant complication of diabetes and often precede minor (below the ankle) or major (above or below the knee) amputation. At least 2% of people with diabetes experience new foot ulcers annually, and of these, one in 400 undergoes amputation (Kerr, M. 2019)

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Intestines

Stomas

The word stoma comes from Greek to mean “an opening”. There are many types which are formed for a variety

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Kidney Stone

Kidney Stones

Given how frequently patients present with renal colic, it is helpful for FY1s to understand the basic management. Specifically, this

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Red Eye

Red Eye

Red eye is one of the most common eye presentations you will encounter. Whilst many will likely be referred to

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Haematuria

Haematuria

You will regularly see patients with blood in their urine, most often picked up incidentally on a urine drip. Your

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Gynaecology

Applying to Obstetrics and Gynaecology

In this article, we discuss why you should apply to O&G training, how to build your portfolio & we detail the application process. O&G is a 7 year run-through programme, incorporating a core curriculum with ultrasound training & there are plenty of opportunities to subspecialise.

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Constipation

Constipation

Constipation is one of the most common complaints in hospital, especially on the geriatric wards.Failure to treat constipation can lead

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Gastroenterology

Chronic Pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis is characterised by repeated pancreatic inflammation. This leads to the destruction of pancreatic tissue leading to irreversible loss

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Ophthamology

Diplopia

Diplopia, also known as double vision, happens when there is a mismatch in images produced by the two eyes; hence

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Vertigo

Vertigo

Vertigo is described as an “abnormal sensation of motion. It can occur in the absence of motion or when motion

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Procedures

Suturing

Sutures are placed to aid with wound healing following a traumatic laceration or surgical incision and to promote haemostasis. In

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Intestines

Colorectal Cancer and Polyps

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer types seen in the western world. They are adenocarcinomas arising from adenomatous polyps in the colon and rectum, with a majority seen on the left side of the colon.

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E Coli

Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is a very common complaint and may be the reason for a patient’s admission, or develop as a new

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General Surgery

Appendicitis

Appendicitis is a one of the most common abdominal emergencies worldwide. Your aim is to be able to diagnose it, distinguish between simple and complex cases and optimise medical management whilst your seniors decide on the timing of surgery.

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