Category: Urology

Haematuria

You will regularly see patients with blood in their urine, most often picked up incidentally on a urine drip. Your initial assessment should aim to identify whether this is due to a UTI (or other transient cause) and whether it is urological or nephrological with the help of measuring the patient’s blood pressure, bloods (FBC,

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Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adults are extremely common in both primary and secondary care and it is inevitable that you will be diagnosing and treating these many times in your career. Introduction UTIs are normally ascending infections and can affect any part of the urinary tract: urethra (urethritis), bladder (cystitis), epididymis (epididymitis), prostate (prostatitis),

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Urinary Catheterisation

In this article, we discuss when a catheter might be needed and top tips on male & female catheterisation. Before attempting catheterisation, always review the following Is the catheter needed? For males, a bottle or a conveen (a urethral sheath or essentially a condom) can be great Urine output might not need to be that

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Kidney Stones

Given how frequently patients present with renal colic, it is helpful for FY1s to understand the basic management. Specifically, this article will help ensure you do the relevant investigations (& know why you’re doing them) & provide safety netting on discharge. Types of stones Calcium oxalate – Most common Magnesium ammonium phosphate – can be

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Urinary Retention

Urinary retention can be acute or chronic. When acute it occurs within a number of hours causing significant pain. In contrast, chronic retention is painless and accumulates over weeks to months following an inability to completely empty the bladder after voiding. How much is too much? A bladder volume of >300mls on a bladder scan

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