Category: Surgery

Dry and Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD)

Introduction With an increase in the ageing population globally, we will be seeing more diseases that typically affect elderly patients. One such condition is age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). AMRD is an acquired degeneration of the retina, specifically the macula, that usually affects the central vision initially. Classically people in their 50s-60s are first affected, and

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Removal of foreign body from eye

Foreign body in eye is a very common presentation seen in the emergency department. Patients often complain of a foreign body sensation in the eye and pain on eye movement or on blinking. There may be a history of trauma or using tools, but it can also be caused by things such as eyelashes in

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Tinnitus

Tinnitus is a common and debilitating medical symptom encountered in the field of Otolaryngology. It is the conscious perception of auditory stimulus without the presence of external auditory stimulus and is often described by patients as a ringing, humming, pulsing or clicking sound. Tinnitus can range from a quiet background noise to loud audible sounds.

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Study Tips for the Duke-Elder Undergraduate Prize Exam

The Duke-Elder Undergraduate Prize Exam is an optional competitive exam run by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists, designed for undergraduate medical students who have an interest in Ophthalmology. It is amongst the most prestigious undergraduate prizes in the United Kingdom and attracts hundreds of applicants per year. However, most students will have little or no

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Sore Throat

One of the most common A&E presentations is a sore throat, and while sore throat seems like a pretty straightforward complaint, it is important to properly assess and identify the cause in order to adequately treat it!   Causes of Sore Throat Common causes of sore throat: Viral tonsilitis Acute bacterial tonsilitis Glandular fever Peritonsillar abscess

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Introduction to Dental Traumatology for A&E

This article aims to give basic information on the assessment of dental trauma to enable the reader to both recognise and communicate injuries correctly with the appropriate speciality. Do not forget assessment for other injuries, especially the face, head and neck, brain, and C-spine. Dental trauma can have life-changing physical and psycho-social consequences, appropriate early

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Applying to Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery (OMFS)

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is a mouthful (no pun intended), but you may have heard of it referred to as OMFS or, more affectionately, Maxfacs. A speciality of the head and neck, you will often hear Maxfacs trainees joke about how their job starts above the clavicle. Introduction My own path started when I heard

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Appendicitis

Appendicitis is a one of the most common abdominal emergencies worldwide. Your aim is to be able to diagnose it, distinguish between simple and complex cases and optimise medical management whilst your seniors decide on the timing of surgery.

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Groin Lumps

The groin, also known as the inguinal region, extends from the anterior superior iliac spine (ASIS) anterolaterally, the thigh inferiorly and the pubic tubercle medially. It is an anatomical region vulnerable to surgical pathology due to a weakening of the abdominal wall occurring during embryology.

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Colorectal Cancer and Polyps

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancer types seen in the western world. They are adenocarcinomas arising from adenomatous polyps in the colon and rectum, with a majority seen on the left side of the colon.

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