Atrial Fibrillation

AF is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia you will encounter. In this article, we focus on the management of it. Identification of atrial fibrillation...

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Chest Pain

As a junior doctor, you will also often assess patients complaining of chest pain in the acute admissions setting and on the wards. Reviewing a...

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Fluid Balance

Almost every patient admitted to hospital receives IV fluids at some point in their journey. However, the body manages this, without the need for careful...

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Heart Failure

Heart Failure is not a diagnosis in itself, rather a collection of symptoms that require investigation to find the underlying cause. Heart failure syndrome is...

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Hypertension in Hospital

As a junior doctor, you will often be called about patients with raised blood pressure (BP) in secondary care. This differs from chronic hypertension in...

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Infective Endocarditis

Infective endocarditis (IE) is relatively rare in the UK. However, delays in diagnosis and treatment can lead to serious complications, and be fatal. Thus, it...

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Palpitations can be described as the sensation of an abnormally received heartbeat. It can be rapid, irregular, forceful or just an unusual awareness. Palpitations are...

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Pulmonary Oedema

RCEM has published some clear and comprehensive information which is well worth a read. Below we include a very quick summary as a refresher. Causes: Impaired...

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From the Greek: Syn: together & kopein: to cut - referring to a block in blood supply from the body to the brain, most often...

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